My experience is that users donâ€™t like to see too many options at once, but that more items on screen where one is clearly the one you want is preferable to having to go through different modes to find the desired item thatâ€™s hidden.
When navigating a user interface, most people employ a behavior psychologists call "satisficing": they pick the first UI element they find that looks like it will bring them closer to where they want to go. I've written about this in my book:
A rule similar to the â€œthe fewer clicks, the betterâ€ rule is that you must constrain the number of options given to the user; do not make her choose from more than seven options. The reason given for this idea is that humans are incapable of processing more than seven possible choices. Like the â€œfewer clicksâ€ rule, this rule is wrong.
The â€œseven ruleâ€ originates from a paper published in 1956 by Princeton Universityâ€™s cognitive psychologist George A. Miller. In the paper the author concludes that the average human can hold only about seven different objects in working memory. Although this may be true, it doesnâ€™t apply to picking from a number of options, because you donâ€™t have to keep all the options in working memory. You merely have to look through them and pick the first one that seems like it would bring you closer to your goal. This behavior is called satisficing, a term coined by psychologist Herbert Simon in 1956. Instead of comparing all available options in order to find the perfect choice, most people will simply pick the first option that seems sufficiently satisfying.
In The Paradox of Choice, however, Barry Schwartz notes that some people are â€œmaximizersâ€â€”those who try to find the best possible solution, rather than the first suitable one. Whatâ€™s more, although most people can cope with a large number of choices, many donâ€™t like doing so. Schwartz writes that â€œa large array of options may discourage consumers because it forces an increase in the effort that goes into making a decision.â€
In other words, even though most people are perfectly capable of picking from many choices, they may not like it.
A great user interface is not one where each goal can be reached with the smallest number of clicks possible, or where the user has to pick from only a small number of choices at each step, but one where each individual click is as obvious as possible. If your users have a clear goal in mind, each level of the hierarchy should have one option that clearly satisfies their goalâ€”or at least gets them closer to that goal. As long as users feel that they are getting closer to their goal with each step, they donâ€™t mind drilling down into a deep hierarchy.
Needless to say that, compared to previous versions, iTunes 11 is much worse for this kind of behavior. It's much harder to find the UI element that brings you closer to where you want to go, and there are more UI layers you have to navigate through to get to your goal.
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